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Open Access Research

Interactive cueing with walk-Mate for Hemiparetic Stroke Rehabilitation

Takeshi Muto123*, Barbara Herzberger1, Joachim Hermsdoerfer45, Yoshihiro Miyake2 and Ernst Poeppel16

Author Affiliations

1 GRP - Generation Research Program, Humanwissenschaftliches Zentrum, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat München, Prof.-Max-Lange-Platz 11, 83646, Bad Tölz, Germany

2 Tokyo Institute of Technology, G3-821, 4259, Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8502, Japan

3 Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1 O-505b, Fuchinobe, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 252-5258, Japan

4 EKN - Entwicklungsgruppe Klinische Neuropsychologie, Abteilung fuer Neuropsychologie, Krankenhaus München-Bogenhausen, Dachauer Strasse 164, D-80992, Munich, Germany

5 Technische Universität München, Connolly strasse. 32, 80809, Munich, Germany

6 Institute for Medical Psychology, Ludwig -Maximilians-Universitat München, Goethestrasse 31, D-80336, Munich, Germany

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Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2012, 9:58  doi:10.1186/1743-0003-9-58

Published: 21 August 2012

Abstract

Background

Many techniques that compensate for locomotion problems in daily life using externally controlled stimulation have recently been reported. These techniques are beneficial for effortlessly supporting patients’ locomotive functions, but the users of such devices must necessarily remain dependent on them. It is possible that some individuals with gait impairment may be prevented recovering locomotive function. From a rehabilitation viewpoint, it may therefore be supposed that ideally, devices that can be used in daily life to improve the locomotive functions of the body itself should be proposed.

Methods

We evaluate the effectiveness of Walk-Mate, which has been used mainly as a gait compensation device, as a gait rehabilitation training device by analyzing improvement in locomotion before, during and after rehabilitation in hemiparetic patients and comparing it with a previous gait training method. Walk-Mate generates a model walking rhythm in response to a user’s locomotion in real time, and by indicating this rhythm using auditory stimuli, provides a technology that supports walking by reducing asymmetries and fluctuations in foot contact rhythm. If patients can use the system to learn a regulated walking rhythm, then it may also be expected to fulfil the functions of a gait rehabilitation training device for daily life.

Results

With regard to asymmetry, significantly improvements were seen for compensatory movement during training using Walk-Mate, but improvements were not retained as rehabilitative results. Regarding fluctuations in the foot contact period, significant improvement was observed for compensatory movement during training and these significant improvements were retained as rehabilitative results. In addition, it became clear that such improvement could not be adequately obtained by the previously proposed training technique utilizing constant rhythmic auditory stimulation.

Conclusions

Walk-Mate effectively compensated for locomotion problems of hemiparetic patients by improving gait rhythm both during and after training, suggesting that locomotive function can be effectively recovered in some patients. The interactive mechanism of Walk-Mate may be capable of simultaneously achieving the aims of gait compensation and gait rehabilitation training methods previously developed under individual frameworks. Walk-Mate is a promising technology for assisting the reintegration of disabled persons into society.